Mongol troops from the
Moko Shurai Ekotoba
A larger image with other Mongol Auxiliary infantrymen
Mongol warriors depicted on a Japanese emakimono.
The Moko Shurai Ekotoba was created by Takezaki Suenaga to press his claims for reward after the war against the Mongols.
See a Mongol infantryman from Armies and Enemies of the Crusades 1096-1291 by Ian Heath, based on the Moko Shurai Ekotoba
Source: A site with the 13th century original and later versions.
Sections 6, 7 & 8 of the 'Guided View' tab shows that the 3 Mongol soldiers & the bursting shell were later additions to the 13th century scroll.
Other illustrations of North Chinese and Manchurian troops also show helmets with feathers. The Song Chinese had wings on their helmets.
The helmet and clothes are characteristic of Mongols, Khitan & Turks, so the 3 figures may be dismounted cavalry.
Ceramic shells called Zhen tian lei (thunder crash bombs) in Chinese, or tetsuhau in Japanese, were discovered on the sea bottom.
Tests indicated that the had held gunpowder.
Referenced in: Genghis Khan & the Mongol Conquests 1190-1400 by Stephen Turnbull.
Illustrations of Ilkhanid Mongols and Successors in 14th Century Persia and surrounds
Other 13th Century Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers
Index of Illustrations of Costume & Soldiers